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A Short Inception Of Hollywood Cinema Techniques

The first hollywood cinema movie cameras were attached directly on to the head of its tripod or alternative support, with just the crudest sort of levelling tools provided, in the manner of the still-camera tripod heads of the hollywood period. The earliest movie cinema cameras were hence resolutley static during the course of filming, and hence the very first equipment movements were thanks to fixing a camera on a moving truck. The original documented, well before cinema and hollywood, of these was movie shot by a Lumire cameraman from the rear carraige of a train departing Jerusalem in 1896, and by 1898 there were lotsof cinema movies shot inside moving trains, Hollywood was beconing. Despite listed under the confusing heading of panoramas in the sales catalogues of the time, those movies shot immediately forward from in front railway engine were usually referred to as phantom rides.

Sometime in 1897, Robert W. Paul had the very first notable moving camera mount manufactured to put 1on top of|on} a tripod, so that he could track the passing parade of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in unique uninterrupted cinema shot. The device had the equipment set on a vertical axis that could be moved with a worm gear driven by cranking the handle, so Paul placed it on public sale the next year. Films made with such a “panning” camera were also known as panoramas in hollywood listings of the earliest decade of cinema.

The standard setup for newy cinema studios in Hollywood was provided by the studio which Georges Mlis erected in May 1891. It had a glass roof and three glass walls made after the model of large studios for static photography, it was also fitted with flimsy cotton drapes that were stretched below the roof to eliminate the bright ray of the sun on brilliant days. The natural overall light devoid of real shadows that this setup delivered, and which also happens naturally on moderately overcast days, became the standard for cinema movie lighting in hollywood film studios for the next decade.

Unique within all the short hollywood cinema movies priduced by the Edison studio, which recorded pieces of the shows of variety performers for its Kinetoscope cinema viewing devices, was The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. The film portrayed a person dressed as the queen putting her head on the execution block in front of a small gathering of bystanders in Elizabethan apparel.

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Give Your Imagination A 3d Animation Platform

Were you blown by the 3D graphics of the latest Shrek movie or The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Trader? How about the immersive experience provided by Batman: Ark ham Asylum? Why is a fence- sitter when you can be part of the action? These thoughts were topmost on the impressionable minds of hundreds of young people last month at the Edu-Fair 2011 organized by MAAC (Maya Academy of Advanced Cinematic). And of the 2,000 odd students who attended the event, as many as 172 were interviewed for jobs! Its an exciting time to be part of the animation industry. According to Nasscom and Ernst & Young, the industry in India is set to grow to $ 1.16 billion by the beginning of next year, with professionals having a way with mobile phone graphics ruling the job market.

With India becoming a major 3d animation and 2d Animation outsourcing hub favored by the international movie industry and thousand of International Firms, hire leading 3D Animation Company in India which is specializing in 3D animation designing, 3d modeling, 3D Architecture rendering, Character Animation, Cartoon Animation, Walkthroughs etc. Because of high animation demand, thousands of professionals are needed to fulfill the industrys demands, which are growing at the rate of 30 per cent. And it faces a shortfall of over 30,000 professionals.

So, a young person joining the Animation industry starts with a salary of around 1.2 lakh a year and soon graduates to 7 lakh a year.

Which brings us to the question: who can join the industry? Anyone with an eye for detail and decent artistic skills can do it.

Take the gaming industry. Artists and animators bring to life the characters, objects and environment in a game. They also decide on the ambient light, which makes or breaks a game. Their treatment of a character’s moves and emotions brings the game to life. Using their visual skill sets as artists, professionals then build on them with the help of various animation softwares such as Photoshop, Corel Draw, 3ds Max, Maya, Softimage XSI, Blender, Houdini, Mood and Brush.

MAAC, company had placed 645 students, or 57 per cent of its students, in 2009-10; in the last academic year, placements had gone up to 75 per cent with 1,409 students finding jobs. With so many jobs across the India and we can expect more people to get into the business of freelancing.

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Digital Photography Tips – 5 Tips To Avoid Flash Blowout

Have you ever tried to take pictures in a poorly lit room with your point and shoot camera? How was it? Doesn’t your subject turn out to be completely blown out by the flash? It was horrible to see that your subjects are engulfed by the bright light. So, below are 5 tips to help you avoid this common flash blowout.

1. Stepping back

Various digital photography tips told you to get close to your subjects so that you can fill up your frame. However, the closer you get to your subjects with flash, the brighter they will get.

So, it is wise that you take some steps further from your subjects and zoom into them when you need to flash on your subjects. This can help you to fill your frame and reduce the blowout.

2. Bounce the flash

As any point and shoot camera user already knew, you can’t control the direction of the flash (DSLR flash unit can be twisted and bounce the light to other direction). However, you are not cursed to stick with this situation forever. You can change your fate with some effort.

You can use a small white card and place it at an angle in front of the flash so that the light can be directed to the ceiling or wall. One thing about this digital photography tip is that you want to be careful with the material you use to direct the flash. This is because different color can impact the light from your flash. So, you will see a different picture when you bounce the flash with a red card instead of white.

3. Diffusion

Unlike DSLR camera users, compact digital camera users can’t control the output of the flash. If you know that your flash is too strong, what you can do then is to stick white tissue or cello tape over the flash unit.

Again, the materials you use to cover the flash unit can affect the light from your flash. So, it is good that you can stick the flash with white or clear and transparent material instead of colorful tapes.

4. Setting

Now this is the time when you look into the setting your point and shoot camera and use the ‘night mode’ to avoid flash blowout. In this mode, your camera will automatically slow down the shutter speed and take the picture with flash.

While your shutter speed is being slowed down, your aperture size will usually be increase (although you might not be able to control this). When that happens, more light from the environment can be allowed to enter the camera so that it reduces the usage of the flash hence your subject can be properly illuminated.

5. Add more light

This is the most obvious digital photography tips ever. However, this might not be effective when you are in a party or clubbing. You can literally get yourself kick out of the room when you do that.

If that is the case, can you get your subjects to a better lit place? If the flash still

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Who wrote the first cartoon strip

Who wrote the first cartoon strip?

Today we don’t think of a cartoon as being associated with great art, but at one time it was. During the period of the Italian Renaissance, the term “cartoon” meant the first sketch in actual size of a large work of art, such as a mural. When news papers and magazines began to use drawings to illustrate news and editorial opinion and to provide amusement, these drawings became known as cartoons.

In the days before newspapers, artists like Hogarth, Daumier, and Rowlandson made series of drawings on a single theme. Sometimes such a series of drawings pictured the adventures of one character. They were the ancestors of present-day cartoons and comic strips.

In the nineteenth and early twentieth century’s there were a number of magazines which specialized in cartoons. In Paris there was one called Charivari and in London there was the famous Punch. It may be that newspapers and other magazines got the idea of including cartoons as a regular feature from these publications.

The first comic strips appeared in the early 1900’s. Richard Outcault, the artist who created “Buster Brown,” published this comic strip in 1902. It was so popular that children all over the country wanted to dress in “Buster Brown” clothes.

Another of the early comic strips was “Bringing Up Father.” This came out in 1912. It has since been translated into at least thirty languages and published in more than seventy countries.

In an effort to make a continuous story out of some of the better-known comics, one publisher printed a series of them in a book. This idea spread very quickly and dozens of comic books began to appear in a new edition every month.

Now comic books are being used for educational purposes, and history, scientific subjects, and classical stories and novels have been put into comic book form.

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Portrait Photography Tips That Will Add Extra Style To Your Pictures

What are the factors that influence the outcome of a portrait and distinguish between ordinary and extraordinary? Don’t get me wrong, there absolutely nothing wrong with the classic and conventional portraits that follow the rules. There are amazing portraits, though, that just stand out above the rest.

Sometimes, the most stunning portraits are the ones that don’t conform to the traditional rules. With a few clever portrait photography tips, you can create photographs that rival those by the most talented artistic photographers.

The direction of your subject’s gaze can have dramatic effects on the portrait. Having your subject focus on something outside the view of the camera can create a very candid and intriguing photograph. You can create a story within the image by focusing your subject’s attention on something within the frame, such as another person or an object.

Candid shots look natural and can often be more flattering. Instead of having the subject pose, shoot them reacting normally to situations. Candid shots especially work well when photographing children. Black and white portrait photography is another method that adds elegance and drama to photographs while at the same time concealing minor imperfections like blemishes and skin discoloration.

Portrait Photography Tips to Conceal Subjects’ Imperfections

There are several tricks you can use to help correct issues with the subjects of your portraits. If the subject has a round or fat face, try posing them three-fourths to the camera, using short lighting, and slightly raising the camera angle. Pose models with thin faces facing the camera.

If your subject has deep lines or wrinkles, try using softer, frontal lighting. Sometimes scars and blemishes can be concealed by repositioning the subject to shadow the problem areas. When blinking is a problem, try to time your shots to right after the subject blinks. You can compensate for deep set eyes by directing light into the eyes.

A bigger nose can be obscured by posing nose straight into lens or raising the chin, whereas a small nose should be positioned at an angle to the camera. Multiple chins can be concealed by having the subject lean their head toward the camera and stretching their neck.

There are several portrait photography tips to stop the glare of eye glasses. You can shoot the photographs with empty frames, removing the glass element all together, position the glasses away from the light, or bounce the lights off of the ceiling instead of shining directly on the subject.

When your subject has different sized eyes, you can either create an evening effect by having them turn the largest eye away or shadow the smaller eye while the larger one is turned closer to the camera. By using a higher camera angle or a three-fourths pose, you can diminish the appearance of a subject’s square jaw.

These are only a few tips for portrait photography. There are countless other methods that are effective in both adding drama to your images and hiding imperfections. Have fun with your camera, experiment and perhaps you can come up with some portrait photography tips of your own.

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Cool Things To Photograph With A Macro Lens

Macro photography, which refers to the method of taking close up photographs to reveal the subjects details that are mostly not visible to the naked eye, is one of the most popular forms of photography today. Although many novice photographers are venturing into this art, it is not as easy as you think. Check out stores like B&H Photo and Video and Ritz Camera to help you decide on the best camera for you. Here are four cools things to capture with a macro lens:

1. Colorful Insects

Spiders, flies, bugs, beesthese are just few examples of insects that are commonly shot up close. When you look at insects from an ordinary distance, you wont be able to see the fine details of their body and face. But, under macro lens, you can reveal the intricate patterns and details of the insects. From the thin lines on the flys body to the complex web patterns on the bees wing, youll be able to see these amazing creatures in a different light with macro photography.

2. Flower Details

At a regular distance, flowers are simply blooms of colors and shapes, but if you look more closely through macro lens, you will discover the vivid and stunning details of these plants.

3. Animal Parts

It can be the captivating eyes of a cat that will seem to put you into trance or the hair raising patterns on a hover flys head. Capturing a part of an animal can be a marvelous shot if you are able to do it right.

4. Water

Ripples of water, cascading streams, dew drops on a leafthere are various ways to make this liquid an awe-inspiring subject for a macro photograph. Combining water with different elements is a good way to experiment with this subject that will surely land you spectacular photographs.

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Singer for Hire – Tips for Choosing the right Singer-00-6352

When you start to look for a Singer for Hire the choice available is mind boggling. How do you choose the right singer for you?

The first question is what type of singer do you want to hire? You may have seen a singer previously and if youre lucky be able to find their phone number just when you need it. Or you may not be able to find their contact details and need to start a search afresh.

Do you want an all rounder with a wide repertoire for a wedding or a Soul Singer or maybe a Rat Pack Singer or even an Opera Singer?

Once you have decided the type of singer you would like, you will need to start sifting through websites, videos or song samples; to see who you like best. Maybe you will have to wait for CDs through the post or for an e mail with song samples attached.

Next comes the singers repertoire, is it extensive or limited, can you choose some of the songs they sing, will they provide lighting and equipment, how long will they sing, what is their fee and are they available? Will they sound as good live as on their song samples, are they reliable, can they be contacted easily or must you wait several days or weeks?

This type of selection process will need to be repeated for each singer you consider and without specialist working knowledge of individual singers can be daunting.

Alternatively, a reputable Entertainment Agency can either locate a particular singer or help you choose the right singer at an affordable cost.

They will have first hand knowledge of many singers, their professional experience, talent, vocal range, repertoire and reputation. They will have helped many Clients before you to choose the right singer and know how to get the best service from them.

A reputable Entertainment Agency will make the whole process a piece of cake. They will have a professional website with a good selection of singers to choose from, complete with song samples, repertoires, profiles, photographs and be able to answer any questions you may have.

The Fee and availability of your chosen singer can easily be provided by phone or e mail and the necessary contract issued so that you can relax with confidence.

All that remains is for you to enjoy your party or event.

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Fine Art Photography- An Abstract Art

Light is considered to be one important element in photography that helps in giving different effects on photos. Photos taken in natural light or in warm glow of incandescent light, the camera captures the effect of light on the objects and subjects. Though light is an integral part of every type of photography, in fine art photography it plays an important role in setting the mood and giving the texture to its subjects and props. Professional photographer understands how the lens and eye perceive the light color spectrum and therefore make complete use of light in photography. Natural light due to its inconsistent lighting projects different shades of the color spectrum. At midday, the blue portion of the color spectrum produces the clearest, sharpest pictures in bright light. Where as, at sunrise and sunset the red portion of the spectrum produces warmer pictures with a softer contrast. The direction of lighting in photography helps in creating different effects on the pictures. The different angles of light create different shadows and helps in changing the appearance of the subject. Different types of artificial lights like bulbs, tube lights, florescent lights and LED lights on panorama fixtures create different types of lighting environments and produces different effects.

Since fine art photography is related to art and is dedicated in producing pictures for aesthetic purposes, light is the core of this type of photography. Capturing the exquisite and beautiful pictures in different forms of light for exploring the meaning of any expression or emotion is one of the most difficult tasks and fine art photography is all about this. Fine art pictures taken by talented photographers are housed in museums and art galleries for their display. Framing is done to keep these exclusive photographs safe and secure. It also protects these masterpieces from any kind of damage or wear and tear. In Australia, national art gallery showcases some of the most exquisite and exclusive pictures and artworks of exceptionally talented photographers and painters. One can see different moods of Sydney city through Sydney photos depicting cityscapes, seascapes and other types of pictures.

Many famous photography companies like Photography Australia offers a number of Australian stock photography pictures on their websites for public use. Graphic designers, publishers, filmmakers and even individuals can buy these stock photos and use them as per their requirement. The stock pictures include wildlife, nature, underwater, advertising and other types of photography genres pictures. Catalogs of stock pictures can be downloaded from the internet and can be used in many forms and campaigns.

Companies like Photography Melbourne and Photography Sydney offer professional fine art photography services and has years of experience in the respected field. Fine art pictures are produced in limited prints and can be used in advertisements and magazines. Many colleges and universities offer graduate and undergraduate courses in fine art photography. But, this type of photography requires more than learning and use of camera equipment. The skill of the photographer matters a lot in presenting objects and subjects in beautiful ways to convey intensity and emotion.

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How To Create 3d Models Using A Cnc Router

Companies are using CNC hot wire foam cutters to cut any 2D foam shapes that only requires flat surface. When there is a need to make a 3D shape, a CNC Router needs to be used. A CNC router will machine any 3D shape. It is a 3-axis machine, which means it moves in a 3D space diagonally and in curves, in motions that resemble milling or carving. The router can create 3D designs from numerous types of material, including:
EPS foam, urethane foam, aluminum, light wood, acrylics, plastics and polycarbonate, ABS. The machining process involves creating 3D model using 3D CAD software, then bringing this model into a 3D tool-path that will tell the router the shape size, the resolution, cutting directions, cutting depth, etc.

The shapes that can be created with a router are almost unlimited.
Applications & Industries:
* Automotive Full scale cars, boats, planes
* Aerospace UAVs models
* Architectural Any 3D architectural shapes
* Fine Art, sculptures, statues
* Marine Boats, ships models
* Museums 3D displays, faces, statues
* Navigation Topographic maps

If you have a 3D model you wish to design and it is either too large or too thick to be machined due to height or cutter length restrictions or the foam material not being thick enough, the shape can be sliced into sections. Each slice will be machined separately using the router and then the pieces can be glued together. The machined parts can then be sanded and coated with protective hard shell and painted, which will also take care of eliminating any visible grooves due to the gluing. Routers can also be used to create molds that can later be poured with concrete or polyurethane and other casting materials.

CNC routers range from a few inches of working area all the way up to 50 feet in length.
Every router uses a spindle it is the motor that is doing the actual cutting. Routers spindles range from 1HP (horse power) to 20HP and above, and they can hold end mills (the driller) from 1/16 all the way to 2 and above.
Different materials require different end mills and different cutting speeds. The denser the material the slower the cutting speed.

If you need to create a foam shape design that is large or even full scale you can use a small model, scan it using a 3D scanner then transport it into the CNC router for machining, using a specialty cutting software that generates the part file. Using the scanner enables you to convert any regular model to a live-size design. Any model can be scanned a face, a sculpture, a car toy, train, boat, plain and anything you need larger. You do not have to visualize and imagine how the 3D model will look like the scanner does it for you.

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Finding Vintage Musical Instruments

Collecting vintage musical instruments is popular and increasing. Good old instruments are becoming rare,valuable and are easy to find. There is several ways to find what you are looking for, and here is some hints in that direction.

Search relevant magazines or local newspapers for classified ads ,maybe you find an instrument with great collecting potential.Often private persons do not know what they have between their hands and its value. Maybe the instrument is a piece they have inherited or used themselves many years ago.Either way its a good chance to do a bargain.

Another way to find items are at local markets,flee markets and garage sales.Vintage musical instruments can turn up in the most unexpected places so keep an eagle eye close to these opportunities.
A safe place to find instruments are online.Huge amounts of dealers find,restore and sell them all over the net.Many of them have been around for years and have a huge contact net for supply of vintage musical instruments.

Most of them run their own sale sites and display their products with photos,comments and prices.As I said ,they have had the instruments restored and they definately know their value so do not excpect to do a scoop there.

Online is also large market places where powersellers and private persons can put their ads. These are sold in an auction mode, that means the instruments are displayed for some time and buyers must bid and hope to purchase them as cheap as possible.The most common marketplace on the internet is Ebay where millions of different items are for sale every day.Do a search there , I guarantee you will find what you are looking for in a short periode of time.

Of course there is several other marketplaces online to search and there is even marketplaces in each country.
In my country the most common places to sell all kind of products are QXL.no or Finn.no. I recommend you to get an overview of your options where you live and work from there. Vintage musical instruments are really good items to collect and invest so do not hesitate to grab some nice pieces.